Ingress Protection Rating (IP Ratings)
Ingress means coming inside. We’re talking about the IP ranking in every flagship smartphone. It is IP67 / IP68 certified. Or even with TWS headphones, they are IPX8 / IP53 certified, and so on. IP stands for protection against the ingress of water and dust. But these numbers are very important!
The first digit, 6 for IP67, mainly stands for solids, i.e. dust particles. And the second digit is 7 for liquids. But what kind of solids and liquids are they? They are primarily designed to see if solids and liquids can enter and what needs to be protected. And for this IP (first digit) (second digit) – IP (solid protection) (liquid protection).
Protection different levels
This protection has different levels, for example) solid protection (dust) at level 6 and liquid protection at level 1 to 8. That means, if you say IP67, the solid protection is at level 6 and the liquid protection at level 7. That is IP67! But sometimes there are numbers like IP53. So he has solid level 5 protection, what does that mean? And liquid protection level 3. So I’ll tell you everything from level 1 to level 5 to level 1 to 8.
IP Rating Level – Solid Protection
First, IP1 (hard protection) to protect against objects larger than 50mm. For example) Do not insert your hand/finger into the device, it means it is IP1 certified. With telephones, it doesn’t matter of course, so there is no IP11 / IP18 and so on. Second, 2 for solids, to protect against objects larger than 12mm. The third level of protection for solids applies to objects larger than 2.5 mm. The fourth level is for objects larger than 1 mm. See IP4, for solids larger than 1mm that cannot be introduced, but IP5 means dust protection that is smaller than 1mm. However, only small dust particles are allowed to penetrate, not all. I know it’s interesting, concise, and dustproof, but not entirely dustproof! It’s not that there isn’t a single dust molecule/grain of sand that can’t get in. This is IP5. But IP6 is the highest level of dust protection, which means that no dust particles can enter the device.
IP Rating X Level
“X” means no certificate. X7 means no dust protection. Yes! Remember, seeing an “X” does not offer any protection or certification.
IP Rating Level – Liquid Protection
Now the level of various protection for very interesting liquids! First (less protection level) is essentially protected against low water droplets. So if the waterfalls from the top, you are safe or otherwise. If you remain from both sides, you will not be safe! Secondly, if the water is sprayed and if the waterfalls from the angle of 15 degrees, you are exposed to pressure when it is under pressure, this will not happen. Similarly, level 3 is safer if the water is sprayed from an angle of 60 degrees, then it is safe or otherwise. Therefore, for example) IP53, ie level 5 protection from dust, but no dust conductor and 3-point level of water from 60 degrees, Then no problem will be IP53! So the fourth level while I speak about different angles, is protected here, even if the water exits from any direction (360 degrees) Libre Level 5 protective method, if water sprayed by tubes of all directions (360 degrees), Your device is safe. Level 6 More protection Your device still looks good even with strong water flow from all directions (360 degrees). Level 7 lets you immerse your device completely in the water. But only between 15 cm and 1 m. If the water level were here, it would be one meter higher. If you use the device within 30 minutes, So it is safe!
If this protection is increased to a depth of 6 inches for 2 to 3 hours, you will not be able to store your device safely. Remember, this is only for 30 minutes, that’s it. The eighth protection is basically for a long time. There is no limit to 30 minutes. Suppose it is 2-3 meters deep and if you stay there for 2-3 days, like when you hear the message from a working iPhone. This is the eighth level of liquid protection. that’s it. That means IP68 (level 6 solid matter protection and level 8 liquid protection) is the highest degree of protection in the device!
IP Rating Type Proof
And my friends, I would say when looking for the truth. IP rating does not fully reflect. This does not mean that your devices are 100% secure. Because water also has different types. This is the IP rating for freshwater. If your device is submerged in saltwater, it exhibits different chemical properties and causes the device to rust and corrode. This can also lead to problems. Note that the IP rating does not apply here.
IP rating capacity disclaimer
There is one more disclaimer I want to share with you! The IP classification system will be fully operational by the first fall. It will work later, but when that happens the IP rating will go down. So this is important! That is if the device (IP68) drops and after a while you get it and it drops 25 times a year. If the twenty-sixth time is not IP68 certified, problems can arise. Because its capacitance/resistance is slowly decreasing.
IP ATM Meaning
Friends, there is a different rating! You will hear that 5ATM is used in the smartwatches we wear. This is actually atmospheric pressure and the ATM rating is older than the IP rating.
It has also been simplified a bit. The IP rating is a little more advanced.
IP ATM Levels
1ATM means that it is not waterproof, so do not put it in the water. In general, we’re not talking about 3ATM as there aren’t many devices on it. Protects you from splashing water. However, you cannot completely submerge it in water. 5ATM means you can use the device while swimming and if it falls in the pool for a while it will not be a problem. But if you stay in the pool longer, you can get into trouble.
Notice! After 5ATM there is also 10ATM and 20ATM. 10ATM protection for scuba diving/scuba diving where the water is deep. And you won’t have a problem, water won’t get in. 20ATM protector for jet skis with high water pressure. These are different levels – 1ATM, 3ATM, 5ATM, 10ATM and 20ATM.
Friends, I hope you now understand the meaning of IP ratings & ATM ratings.
If you have any questions, then do COMMENT down below.